Across the nation, fracking has contaminated drinking water sources, made nearby residents sick, turned pristine landscapes into industrial zones, and brought about air and international warming pollution. The oil and fuel business has spent untold tens of millions of dollars on advertising and public relations campaigns to persuade the general public that fracking is important and safe, but their efforts have included distortions of the truth or outright falsehoods.
Surroundings America researchers have compiled the top five fictions unfold by the oil and fuel trade and their allies, adopted by the facts from our report, Fracking by the Numbers, and other sources, that refute them. The reality will scare you!
FRACK FICTION #1. “There’s by no means been one case — documented case — of groundwater contamination within the history of the hundreds of thousands of hydraulic fracturing [wells].”
-Senator James Inhofe (R-Okay)
Truth: State regulators have documented not less than 1,000 instances of water contamination by oil and fuel operations, including greater than 700 in New Mexico alone. That is as a result of from start to complete, from the injection of toxic chemicals underground to spills of fracking fluid and waste pits, the whole technique of fracking is a menace to rivers, streams, and our groundwater.
FRACK FICTION #2. “Hydraulic fracturing is… not a major source of [methane] emissions.”
Fact: In 2010, the typical fracking effectively launched an estimated 110,000 pounds of methane, a potent international warming pollutant, simply in its first nine days of operation. steam, heat conduction oil jacket heating reaction kettle Furthermore, a 2014 analysis of fracking wells in Pennsylvania discovered that methane leakage charges were 100 to 1,000 times greater than previous estimates by the U.S. Environmental Protection Company.
FRACK FICTION #three. “There will probably be virtually no visible indicators that a properly was as soon as there.”
-Marathon Oil Corp
Fact: While drilling rigs come and go, the encompassing infrastructure of fracking — including pipelines, entry roads, compressor stations, and processing plants — permanently flip pristine landscapes into industrial zones. Each nicely pad includes clear-cutting over eight acres of land. One study in Pennsylvania found that forest injury from fracking was greater than twice as great as that caused by development. Another found that homes situated close to a nicely site predictably lose as much as 14 % of their worth; many have misplaced way more. Pollution from fracking chemicals and toxic spills can kill livestock and trigger permanent injury to wildlife and farmland.
FRACK FICTION #four. “I do know of no [wastewater] tank trucks being dumped onto roads.”
-Kathryn Klaber, former CEO of the Marcellus Shale Coalition
Fact: New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania all presently use fracking manufacturing brine as a de-icing agent on public roads; it is marketed for this goal due to its excessive salt content material. The EPA has recommended towards spreading manufacturing brine on roads, because it may carry the toxic chemicals utilized to frack fluid and concentrated ranges of the contaminants present in shale formations. An analysis by the Natural Assets Defense Council has discovered that manufacturing brine, and not just flowback wastewater, can contain pollutants and harmful levels of radioactivity. Applying these dangerous substances to roadways places groundwater susceptible to toxic pollution and native infrastructure prone to degradation, and poses a threat to public well being.
FRACK FICTION #5. “Proper nicely cementing ensures groundwater protection.”
-Power From Shale
Truth: Fracking wells can and do leak. Numerous studies — including those accomplished by the oil and gasoline industry — have proven that oil and fuel wells are leaking. Most not too long ago, the National Academy of Sciences printed a report by 4 scientists who reviewed seventy five,000 compliance reviews from oil and fuel wells in Pennsylvania: “Statewide information present[ed] a sixfold increased incidence of cement and/or casing issues for shale gas wells relative to typical wells.” Former industry engineer Chip Northrup explains in this video how and why cement round effectively casings can shrink and crack, creating pathways for pollution of groundwater.
If you loved this short article and you would like to receive even more facts concerning Bending machine kindly see our web-page.