Historic Okmulgee: How Oil Tycoons Created One in all Oklahoma’s Wealthiest Towns
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Historic Okmulgee: How Oil Tycoons Created one among Oklahoma’s Wealthiest Towns
Up to date on October eleven, 2017 Eric Standridge moreContact Creator Okmulgee’s history is wealthy with each triumph and tragedy. From the rebirth of the Creek Indian and the various state altering choices made in Creek Counsel Home, to the tragedies of the nice Depression, this series will outline the key events that brought this small town national prestige. Earlier than you leave, ensure to check out the other pages in the Okmulgee Historical past series.
Okmulgee Historical past 1910-1919: Oil Tycoons, Vaudville Performs, and a Metropolis on the Rise
Throughout this time, Okmulgee grew into it is own. Gone have been the times when Okmulgee was generally known as Indian Territory, but quite, it was now a bustling city full of opportunity. As it was all across the United States, Okmulgee was nonetheless a blend of old and new. New vehicles and horse drawn popcorn stands lined the streets of downtown Okmulgee. Outlaws and bandits still roamed the countryside, while slick suited businessmen bustled round downtown.
Each day Life in Okmulgee 1910-1919
The city streets had been busy with supply wagons – ice wagons, little goat drawn wagons the traveling photographer had to take pictures of kids, farmer’s wagons, the jewel tea card which smelled of pungent spices, teamsters’ wagons with pipe to the oil fiends and grocery supply wagons. Okmulgee even had a hurdy gurdy man. “He came completely geared up with a music field on a prop pole and slightly monkey on a series all dressed up in a crimson and gold swimsuit with a little pink cap.
Picnics and outings have been the order of the day. One younger “social set” took bag and baggage, “along with the choicest edibles of the season and a coloured cook to do the handbook labor” and headed out for dripping springs for every week of rollicking within the nation.
The Okmulgee County Courthouse was completed in 1918, with marble walls and floors. The bonds for the courtroom home had been sold to Katie Fixico, a wealthy Creek Indian, whose home has lengthy housed the restaurant often called “The Southern Mansion.”
Many people turned Oil tycoons, hitting big payoffs from native wells. Oil had modified the complexion of the whole nation. Numerous fields had sprouted around Okmulgee. Okmulgee producers and Refining Company was organized in 1916. In Okmulgee alone there were 9 corporations which repaired or manufactured oil discipline gear.
Okmulgee Timeline 1910-1919
Okmulgee and Coalton Railway (later known as Okmulgee Northern) started laying monitor to ferry coal between the 2 cities. Oil and Coal were main sources of income during this time and times to come.
First hospital established in Okmulgee
On April twelfth, after a protracted politic battle, beginning with first submission in 1907, the Okmulgee streetcar began running. The automobiles between downtown ran and the Frisco depot. On July 4th, the vehicles carried over 4000 passengers, at a nickel a ride – to Lambert’s amusement park (Lake Park) on the south end of Ohio Road.
Poe-Hart gang ended its profession in a shootout within the deep fork bottoms near previous Nuyaka mission.
On February 18th, the first Okmulgean to enlist in WWI was Lee Raymond Lengthy. He landed in France and on may 28, he took part in the primary American offensive of the war at Cantigny. Long was shot and killed by German snipers on Could 30 – considered one of the primary casualties of the battle.
William Howard Taft visits Okmulgee
Petroleum constructing completed
Okmulgee county courthouse completed.
Ladies’s suffrage approved
Dr J.E Bercaw and Doctors Berry, Mitchener and Hole based the Okmulgee Clinic, a two story brick building at 319 oil produce West fifth.
Oil Production in the county from October to December was 45,000 barrels a day. Oil refineries had develop into large enterprise in the county. Along with oil and coal, there were 4 main glass factories in Okmulgee.
Tales of Okmulgee 1910-1919
In 1910, a new cheap technique to function a theater was launched in Okmulgee on June four. It was a kind of forerunner of the drive-in theater, being roofless, but having 4 partitions. This sort of theater was referred to as an “Air Dome”, and the one in Okmulgee was situated on the west facet of Morton Road across from the Council House. For sure, showings were held only in the summer, and in good, clear weather.
The Parkinson Lodge
The Parkinson Hotel was the results of a joint effort of neighborhood leaders akin to Jim Parkinson, L.S. Skelton, Decide W. W. Witten, and banker David M. Smith.
The Second floor parlor was elaborately furnished in mahogany, carpeted in purple, and boasted an Everett Grand Piano, while the higher rooms had been geared up with a bed, wardrobe, scorching and cold water, and a panoramic view of the town.
Furnishings for the kitchen value $2,500.00, with chefs, bakers, and assistant cooks being introduced from Kansas Metropolis, and dining room women from St. Louis.
A big Customer
In 1913, William Howard Taft, twenty seventh president of the United States, got here to Henryetta to go to his good friend, W.B. Hudson, father of Jim Hudson. At the moment, Hudson lived at the present site of the Dr. W.M. Haynes house. Taft slept within the southeast bedroom. It took a sturdy mattress, for Taft weighed 352 pounds on the time.
Ankle Watch Craze Reaches Okmulgee
The Ankle watch, the style craze among society women of the east, has reached Okmulgee and has began a sensation. The first look of the ankle watch was on a streetcar yesterday, and was worn by a fairly Okmulgee girl.
Wearing a brand new abbreviated skirt and a gold watch clasped about her left ankle, she boarded a car for lake Park yesterday to see the honest. The car was well stuffed with other honest visitors.
Quickly after she sat down the woman tilted her left foot ahead and glanced down at the watch. So did the opposite passengers. When the automotive stopped on the Frisco tracks she took a re-examination at the watch – and so did the others.
The brand new ankle watch is designed to supplant the wrist watch, and the way far it is going to go in Okmulgee stays to be seen. Judging from the experience of the girl yesterday the embarrassment of the fashion will be its greatest handicap.
Parkinson Gives Court docket House oil produce Site
The courtroom home matter was given an excellent boost immediately by the supply by Mr. Parkinson final evening of the location identified as the Parkinson site to the county freed from price to be used as a site for the proposed new court house. The offer was tendered at this time to the commissioners by agents of Mr. Parkinson. After all the commissioners have not acted upon the provide as but. It is claimed unless another offer is made which is preferable, which isn’t thought to be possible, there is no doubt that the positioning will likely be accepted. The lot is at the corner of Seminole and Seventh Road and is 140X150. It is smaller than the Baker-Aleander lot, nevertheless it is alleged to be the exact dimension of the location on which the Tulsa court docket house stands. While the Tulsa site is mostly complained of as being too small, it is yet identified that our court docket home can be not byconsiderable so giant a one as Tulsa’s. The site provide by Mr. Parkinson is thought to be simplifying the courtroom house bond proposition significantly.
The primary funding for the Okmulgee County Court House was furnished by an Indian woman – Katie Fixico. Initially, it was to have been a four story, white stone structure with a six-sided dome centered on the roof and four clocks facing every of the four directions. Plans have been modified, nevertheless, in favor of the present structure. The Court docket House was devoted in 1918, two months after William Howard Taft visited Okmulgee.
The Orpheum Theater
The following data is from cinematreasures.org. Special because of Symco for his nice research.
“The Orpheum opened Aug. 23, 1920. The opening picture, referred to as a photoplay at that time, was “Eyes of Youth”, with Clara Kimball Young. Also featured on the opening program was a pipe organ live performance, and a 12-unit stage show produced by the Vanderbilt College Glee Club of Nashville, TN.
“Development started in 1919, which is the date on the cornerstone, however it truly opened in 1920. It was built by L. H. D Cook, and its name initially was the Cook Theatre, which is in raised terra cotta at the highest of the facade. CT, for Cook Theatre, is repeated on small terra shields over poster frames within the lobby, and can be on an oval shield oil produce at the highest of the proscenium arch.
“Orpheum Vaudeville was featured, and within two months of opening, Mr. Cook was using each the Orpheum and Cook names in parallel, with the title ‘Cook’ in smaller print. In less than a yr, he formally modified the theatre’s title to the Orpheum, and installed an elaborate new double-sided electric signal with the name ‘Orpheum’ in shiny incandescent lights, beneath a crown of lights generally known as waterburst lighting. The waterburst effect was produced by a motorized electromechanical flasher housed in a steel cabinet contained in the constructing.
“In response to a retired stagehand, the principle stage curtain opened both vertically, and facet-to-aspect, using a curtain motor that flew. Conversion from stage to display screen may very well be done in forty five seconds.
“Possession of the theatre was separated from ownership of the constructing, and Griffith Brothers Theatres, which advanced into Griffith Amusement Co. after which into Video Unbiased Theatres, purchased the theatre, ca. 1924. Keith/Albee/Orpheum never owned it. The building was sold in tiny fractional interests to Greek people, lots of whom lived in Greece, and did not pay their share of taxes or maintenance. It took several years, and the assistance of the Greek ambassador, to consolidate the fractured ownership.
“Martin Theatres acquired it in 1982 by absorbing the Video Theatres circuit. Martin was quickly re-named Carmike Cinemas, who operated it into 1991. An unbiased operator purchased the theatre from Carmike, and then bought the building from the landlord.
“Video Theatres enclosed the balcony and converted it into two theatres in 1974.
“As to architectural features which might be lined, often a new treasure is discovered. The most recent discovery was two circular plaster embellishments within the plain portion of the ceiling that was over low cost seats in the higher balcony, and is now covered by a suspended ceiling.
“The stays of upper orchestra field seats were found behind false plaster partitions along with the stage. The false walls have been eliminated, and destroyed decorative plaster was reconstructed by a retired Hollywood craftsman.”
Architect: Leon B. Senter
Model: Spanish Baroque Revival
Seats: Initially 1200; now 550.
Date of Opening: 1920
Screens: 2 – Its balcony was enclosed in 1974 for the second screen.
Operate: In business operation, playing first-run motion pictures
Click right here to read all the knowledge about the Orpheum Theater.
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sendingJoyce Godwin Grubbs 3 years in the past
As Okmulgee is my hometown I all the time love learning extra about it. I certainly enjoyed the supplies of this article. Although I moved away after grade faculty, in my grownup life I chose to locate some of the suspense novels I wrote in Morris and Okmulgee. You always remember your roots and they certainly do influence your life’s path.
Jim 5 years in the past
Does anybody know which architect designed the golf course at the Okmulgee Nation Club I know that Bobby Jones and Chick Evans performed an exhibition match at its opening in 1920. They would not have come to play just any course. Based mostly on the original 9 gap format, it appeared like a Perry Maxwell but research does not present this.
AuthorEric Standridge 6 years in the past from Wister, Oklahoma
I did a quick search by what I have to see if I could discover something, however didn’t come up with anything yet.
To confirm, the right spelling of the company is “Barnsdal” and not “Barnsdall” I was able to find references to each in Okmulgee, however I’m undecided if it’s a mis-spelling or not. So as to find old images, I’ll need to know more about the company. I found references to “Barnsdal Oil Company”, is that this the proper identify of the corporate Also, if you have any NILS(Nationwide Integrated Land System) information then that might assist.
I found a pair links that will assist:
http://www.archive.org/stream/reportonprogress1944… (Search the web page for “Barnsdal”
http://previous.caspenergy.com/19/oilidustry_e.html (Search for similar – contains presidents names that provided assistance to overseas oil wells. Many occasions, by looking out the individuals name for images you’ll be able to come throughout images of locations they visited/labored)
Those have been the only two strong leads I found on the “Barnsdal Oil Corp.”, however once more, I am undecided of the correct spelling.
A pair assets to attempt:
First, as all the time, check the Okmulgee Genealogical Society for info. Many occasions they’ve old records not found anyplace else.
Second, and this is the place I get a large majority of leads, search via Google Books (http://books.google.com/books) for any related info. There were several previous Oil and Gasoline Journals from the early 1900’s that mentioned Okmulgee oil fields/firms. Most of these previous journals embody footage. If yow will discover the exact date that the corporate was started in Okmulgee, then they need to have an image in that years journal.
Third, search the Google information archive (http://news.google.com/archivesearch). This brings up previous newspapers/articles/court paperwork that were revealed previously. For example, go to that web page and kind in “Okmulgee”, then click on on “1900”, that will zoom in to the years 1900 to 1920. Click on once more on one of the years and that can zoom in additional. Many instances, these old archives hold the key to discovering what you’re on the lookout for.
Many occasions, particularly within the early 1900’s, things weren’t at all times as they appeared to be. Whereas trying to find info on different articles, I’ve had to attempt 100 alternative ways till I found what I used to be on the lookout for.
Hopefully this helps, at least somewhat. I am going to keep a watch out for any info I can discover – one never knows when a brand new, fascinating story can develop.
I want you the best!
Janice (Kinser) DeRamus 6 years in the past
I was raised on the “Previous Barnsdal Refinery Property” South of Okmulgee. I am trying to find a picture of this Refinery. Does anybody have an image of it, or know of someone who may need one. Thanks
AuthorEric Standridge 7 years in the past from Wister, Oklahoma
Harmon, I did have a little data, but it was all lost during the move. I ran across her name a number of times whereas on the Okmulgee geneological heart though. I might suggest giving them a visit (or a name, if it is too far away) and so they’d be able to tell you greater than I could.
Good luck with it!
harmonfam4 7 years in the past
Do you have any more info on Katie Fixico I did a google search and located she was additionally referred to as Freeman, however could not find any other background or history.