The Means of natural gas prices units Crude Oil Refining
As soon natural gas prices units as crude oil is extracted from the ground, it should be transported and refined into petroleum merchandise which have any value. These merchandise should then be transported to finish-use customers or retailers (like gasoline stations or the company that delivers heating oil to your own home, if in case you have an oil furnace). The overall nicely-to-consumer provide chain for petroleum products is often described as being segmented into three elements (shown graphically in Figure 2.1).
Upstream actions contain exploring for crude oil deposits and the manufacturing of crude oil. Examples of companies that might belong in the upstream phase of the business embody companies that personal rights to drill for oil (e.g. ExxonMobil) and companies that present help providers to the drilling section of the trade (e.g. Halliburton).
Midstream actions involve the distribution of crude oil to refiners; the refining of crude oil into saleable products; and the distribution of merchandise to wholesalers and retailers. Examples of corporations that will natural gas prices units belong within the midstream segment of the trade include corporations that transport oil by pipeline, truck or barge (e.g. Magellan Pipeline); and corporations that refine crude oil (e.g. Tesoro).
Downstream actions contain the retail sale of petroleum products. Gasoline stations are perhaps the most visible downstream corporations, however companies that deliver heating oil or propane would also fall into this class.