The Israeli Public Says NO To Fracking
In September 2014 an Israeli authorities planning committee delivered a outstanding choice: it rejected a pilot mission for non-standard oil exploration in the nation’s Adulam area positioned between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, a pastoral rural space rich in biblical archeology with a strong eco-tourism sector.
The company that had submitted the request, Israel Energy Initiatives (IEI), had deliberate to make use of an untested technology known as “In Situ Thermal Recovery” to produce oil by heating shale rock to temperatures as excessive as 950 levels Fahrenheit. This releases natural matter often known as kerogen, a compound that finally transforms organic matter into oil and gasoline.
The committee’s choice was a major victory for Israel’s environmentalists, and a fatal blow for the IEI. IEI had argued that the for the reason that mission would operate underground, crude oil trading in usa it might go away a minimal ecological footprint, and water sources wouldn’t be endangered because of an impermeable rock layer protecting them. Nonetheless, the committee remained unconvinced, and its remaining determination determined that the technology posed a crucial environmental risk.
The actual winners here were the local activists whose well being, atmosphere and communities had come under direct risk by the proposed IEI challenge. Their media-savvy marketing campaign presence has in contrast the battle to the biblical confrontation between David and Goliath; the venture location was in the identical area where the diminutive David emerged victorious over the enormous Goliath.
The local community’s victory was an empowering expertise for other crude oil trading in usa communities, as effectively, demonstrating that companies intent on extracting pure resources in disregard of the impacts on the setting and health of native communities can be stopped by a effectively organized group of dedicated citizens.
However whereas the celebrations for the Adulam victory had been at their peak, one other authorities planning committee, this time in the northern part of Israel, permitted the request of IEI’s sister corporation, Afek Oil & Fuel, for exploratory drilling in the Golan Heights.
Whereas Afek is formally selling the mission as standard drilling, Afek officials have admitted that the undertaking does entail non-typical drilling. Furthermore, community activists are convinced that the corporate intends to make use of fracking throughout the explorations, and that fracking has in all probability already taken place.
The presence of chemicals stored at the drilling websites (fracking requires intensive crude oil trading in usa use of chemicals so as to wash, widen, and keep open cracks within the rock, releasing the hydrocarbons) coupled with the refusal of government officials and Afek to release information on these chemicals and the company’s declared want to extend the drilling so as to succeed in what it claims is a rich layer of hydrocarbons, substantiate these claims by activists.
This has raised an alarm amongst native communities decided to ward off what they’re convinced might be an ecological and well being catastrophe. They are significantly involved over contamination of the world’s water resources: the Golan Heights is marked by excessive water sensitivity with top quality aquifers in addition to biodiversity-wealthy streams that feed into the Sea of Galilee, Israel’s essential surface drinking water supply and only recent water lake. One other supply of fear beyond the influence of Afek’s mission on water high quality is the huge quantities of water wanted for fracking.
Moreover, local communities don’t want oil pipelines operating by or close to their communities, nor do they wish for oil and gasoline trucks traversing their slim, winding, nation roads, already congested by much-wished vacationers.
Then there may be the risk of earthquakes: the oil drilling license area is located on the rim of the good Syria-African Rift and is crossed by geologic faults and cracks. These faults and cracks present potential pathways for pollutants. Coupled with normally occurring tectonic exercise, this will increase the potential for great intensification of earthquakes resulting from drilling and fracking actions, as skilled in Alberta, Canada, and in Oklahoma and Texas in the United States.
And all this leads to climate change. Environmentalists vehemently oppose these tasks since they increase Israel’s dependence on fossil fuels and deflect from government coverage on lowering Israel’s greenhouse gasoline emissions.
IEI and Afek Oil & Gas are subsidiaries of Genie Oil & Fuel Ltd. (GOGAS), a brand new Jersey corporation with headquarters in Newark that operates in Israel via these two subsidiaries.
Genie Oil & Fuel is a subsidiary of Genie Power Ltd. which was spun off in 2001 by IDT, the telecommunications company based by Howard Jonas in 1990. Genie Energy Ltd. is a holding company for energy related companies together with Genie Oil & Gas, which is creating oil and shales reserves in Colorado, Israel and Mongolia.
In Israel, IEI and Afek have constructed their PR campaigns on making the country vitality-impartial, hyping what they outline as Israel’s big reserves of oil shale and gleefully declaring that extracting oil and fuel from these reserves may rework the country right into a world power energy. However as pointed by Afek’s CEO himself, whereas roughly 530 wells have been drilled because the nation’s establishment in 1948, business production of fossil fuels stays elusive.
Though the company reviews discovering proof of hydrocarbons and/or fuel in all of the sites drilled to date (some within the type of liquid oil), the presence of water and the low permeability in the hydrocarbon and fuel carrying strata made it troublesome to extract viable quantities of liquid oil and fuel under present permit restrictions. Reviewing its knowledge, Afek has already introduced that it doesn’t plan to resume actual drilling before the Q4 2016, Q1 2017.
The burning query is: do folks have the correct to say no to these firms that come into their communities creating these environmental and health dangers In Israel, communities are proving that they do have the best to decide. As documented in Josh Fox’s epic documentary, Gaslands, fracking is tearing apart communities throughout the United States, contaminating well water, polluting the air, and making individuals sick.
The oil and gasoline companies retort that there isn’t any evidence to support the claims of the anti-fracking forces. However the Israeli public isn’t shopping for their excuses and is preventing tooth and nail to prevent these companies from working in their communities. Communities along with environmental organizations are fending off attempts by US companies to copy and paste the US paradigm of non-standard fossil gasoline drilling in Israel.