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Edith M. Flanigen

Edith Marie Flanigen (born January 28, 1929)[1][2] is a noted American chemist, known for her work on synthesis of emeralds, and later zeolites for molecular sieves at Union Carbide.

1 Early life and schooling
2 Career
three Chemistry
four Honors and awards four.1 Awards
Early life and training[edit]

Edith Marie Flanigen was born January 28, 1929 in Buffalo, New York. She and her two sisters, Joan and Jane, were launched to chemistry by their high school teacher. The three sisters all went on to review chemistry at D’Youville College.[Three] Edith Flanigen graduated class president and valedictorian.[4] Joan and Edith each went on to obtain grasp’s degrees in chemistry at Syracuse University.[3] Flanigen received an M.S. in inorganic physical chemistry in 1952.[4]

Career[edit]
In 1952, Edith Flanigen joined the Union Carbide firm.[5] Her job at first was the identification, purification and extraction of different silicone polymers. In 1956, she moved to the molecular sieves group.[4] In 1973, she was the primary lady at Union Carbide to be named company research fellow, and in 1986, senior corporate analysis fellow. She was moved to UOP (a joint enterprise between Union Carbide and Allied Sign) in 1988, the place she was named senior analysis fellow. Flanigen was promoted to UOP Fellow in 1991. Edith Flanigen retired from UOP 1994.[5] Following her career at UOP, and through no less than 2004, Edith Flanigen remained energetic professionally, including as a advisor with UOP.[6]

In her 42-yr profession associated with Union Carbide, Edith Flanigen invented more than 200 totally different synthetic substances,[four] authored or co-authored over 36 publications, and was awarded a minimum of 109 patents.[7]

In 1956 Flanigen began engaged on molecular sieves.[Four] Molecular sieves are crystal compounds with molecular sized pores that may filter or separate very complex substances. Edith Flanigen is best known as the inventor of zeolite Y, a particular molecular sieve. Zeolite Y was a sure kind of molecular sieve that might refine petroleum. Zeolite Y surpassed Zeolite X earlier than it. When refining “crude oil”, or petroleum, it have to be separated into all of its totally different components, or fractions. Gasoline is one in every of the many fractions that come from refining petroleum. Flanigen’s zeolites are used as catalysts, or a crude oil 99 sure shot substance that enhances chemical reactions. Zeolite Y is a catalyst that enhances the quantity of gasoline fractioned from petroleum, making refining petroleum safer and more productive.[8]

Along with her work on molecular sieves, Flanigen also co-invented a artificial emerald,[9] which Union Carbide produced and bought for many years. The emeralds have been used mainly in masers (predecessors to lasers) and were even utilized in jewelry for a time, in a line marketed because the “Quintessa Collection.”[10]

Honors and awards[edit]
Flanigen has been the recipient of many awards and honors. She was, for example, the first female recipient of the Perkin Medal in 1992. She was additionally inducted into the National Inventors Corridor of Fame in 2004.[2]

In 2014, the Edith Flanigen Award was created by the Collaborative Research Centre at Humboldt College of Berlin. The award is to be given annually to an impressive female scientist on the early stage of her profession. The first award was given to Natacha Krins for her work at the University of Paris.[11]

In 2012, Flanigen was named recipient of the Nationwide Medal of Technology and Innovation.[12] On November 20, 2014, President Barack Obama introduced Flanigen with the Nationwide Medal of Expertise and Innovation for her contributions to science.[13]

Awards[edit]
– 1991 Chemical Pioneer Award from the American Institute of Chemists [14]
– 1992 Perkin Medal – Edith M. Flanigen was the first female recipient of the prestigious Perkin Medal.[6]
– 1993 Garvan Medal [15]
– 2004 National Inventors Corridor of Fame [2]
– 2004 Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award [6]
– 2012 Edith M. Flanigen Honeywell invitational lecture in material science collection, inaugurated October 2012[sixteen]
– 2012 National Medal of Know-how and Innovation [17]

Notes[edit]
^ Carey, Charles W. (2002). American Inventors, Entrepreneurs, and Business Visionaries. New York: Infobase Pub. ISBN 0816068836. Retrieved February four, 2015.
^ a b c “Edith Flanigen”. Nationwide Inventors Corridor of Fame. Retrieved February four, 2015.
^ a b Orna 2009, p. 53.
^ a crude oil 99 sure shot b c d e Engineering.com.
^ a b Moriarty.
^ a b c Lemelson-MIT 2004.
^ Miller 2009.
^ NIHF.
^ crude oil 99 sure shot US 3306922.
^ InventorOfTheWeek.
^ “The Edith Flanigen electric heating jacket reaction kettle Award 2014″. Humbold College of Berlin. Retrieved 2015-01-17.
^ Laureates, National Medal of Expertise and Innovation, nationalmedals.org; accessed October 21, 2016.
^ “President Obama Presents the Nationwide Medals of Science & National Medals of Technology and Innovation”. The White Home. November 20, 2014. Retrieved February four, 2015.
^ “Chemical Pioneer Award”. American Institute of Chemists. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
^ Marsh 1992, p. 7.
^ UOP 2012.
^ Jackson.
References[edit]

Jackson, David (October three, 2014). “Obama honors nation’s prime scientists”. USA Immediately.
Orna, Mary (2009). “”Girls Chemists within the National Inventors’ Hall of Fame: Their outstanding lives and their award-winning analysis””. Bulletin of the History of Chemistry. 34 (1).
Moriarty, Barbara. “Dr. Edith Marie Flanigen”. The American Chemical Society, Chicago Section, Ladies Chemists Committee. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
Engineering.com. “Edith Flanigen”. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
InventorOfTheWeek. “Inventor of the Week: Edith Flanigen”. MIT College of Engineering. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
Lemelson-MIT (2004). “Edith Flanigen: 2004 Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award Winner”. MIT Faculty of Engineering. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
Marsh, Andrea C. (1992). “”Short Listing, Within the Chemistry””. Syracuse University Magazine. 9 (2): 7.
Miller, Susan (Could 1, 2008). “Syracuse University to present honorary levels to 9 people of exceptional achievement at Commencement Could 11”. SU Information. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
NIHF. “Inventor Profile: Edith Flanigen”. Nationwide Inventors Corridor of Fame. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
UOP (2012-10-19). “Honeywell’s UOP honors Avelino Corma at Edith M. Flanigen Honeywell invitational lecture in material science sequence”. Honeywell UOP. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
US 3306922, Flanigen, Edith M.; Richard M. Barrer & Patrick J. Denny, “Molecular sieve adsorbents”, published March 22, 1961, issued Feb. 28, 1967
US 3341302, Flanigen, Edith M. & Allan M. Taylor, “Flux-melt method for rising single crystals having the structure of beryl”, revealed Oct.

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