Half I: Historical past, Prevalence, AND Recovery Historical past and Terminology Historic Perspectives Trendy Perspectives Definitions and Terminology Native Supplies Manufactured Supplies Derived Supplies Oil Costs Classification Classification Methods Miscellaneous Methods Reservoir Classification Origin and Prevalence Origin Incidence Kerogen Properties Composition Classification Isolation Methods for Probing Kerogen Construction Structural Fashions Kerogen Maturation Exploration, Restoration, and Transportation Exploration Drilling Operations Well Completion Restoration Merchandise and Product Quality Transportation New! Restoration of Heavy Oil and Tar Sand Bitumen Oil Mining Nonmining Strategies Part II: COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES Chemical Composition Final (Elemental) Composition Chemical Parts Chemical Composition by Distillation Fractional Composition Distillation Solvent Remedy Adsorption Chemical Strategies Use of the information Petroleum Evaluation Petroleum Assay Bodily Properties Thermal Properties Electrical Properties Optical Properties Spectroscopic Strategies Chromatographic Strategies Molecular Weight Use of the info Structural Group Analysis Strategies for Structural Group Analysis Miscellaneous Strategies Asphaltene Constituents Separation Composition Molecular Weight Reactions Solubility Parameter Structural Aspects Construction of Petroleum Molecular Species in Petroleum Chemical and Physical Construction of Petroleum Stability or Instability of the Crude Oil System Results on Restoration and Refining Completely Revised! Instability and Incompatibility Instability and Incompatibility in Petroleum Factors Influencing Instability and Incompatibility Methods for Figuring out Instability and Incompatibility Impact of Asphaltene Constituents Part III: REFINING New! Introduction to Refining Processes Dewatering and Desalting Early Processes Distillation Thermal Strategies Catalytic Strategies Hydroprocesses Reforming Isomerization Alkylation Processes Polymerization Processes Solvent Course of Refining Heavy Feedstocks Petroleum Merchandise Petrochemicals Completely Revised! Refining Chemistry Cracking Hydrogenation Isomerization Alkylation Polymerization Process Chemistry Fully Revised! Distillation Pretreatment Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation Gear Other Processes Completely Revised! Thermal Cracking Early Processes Business Processes Catalytic Cracking Early Processes Industrial Processes Catalysts Course of Indian Parameters New! Deasphalting and Dewaxing Processes Business Processes Dewaxing Processes Completely Revised! Hydrotreating and Desulfurization Process Parameters and Reactors Commercial Processes Catalysts Biodesulfurization Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Polishing Utterly Revised! Hydrocracking Business Processes Catalysts Fully Revised! Hydrogen Production Processes Requiring Hydrogen Feedstocks Process Chemistry Industrial Processes Catalysts Hydrogen Purification Hydrogen Administration Product Improvement Reforming Isomerization Alkylation Polymerization Catalysts Product Treating Industrial Processes Gasoline Processing Fuel Cleansing Water Removing Liquids Removing Nitrogen Elimination Acid Fuel Removing Enrichment Fractionation Claus Course of Completely Revised! Products Gaseous Fuels Gasoline Solvents (Naphtha) Kerosene Gasoline Oil Lubricating Oil Other Oil Merchandise Grease Wax Asphalt Coke Sulfonic Acids Acid Sludge Product Blending Petrochemicals Chemicals from Paraffins Chemicals from Olefins Chemicals from Aromatics Chemicals from Acetylene Chemicals from Pure Gas Inorganic Petrochemicals Synthesis Fuel Part IV: ENVIRONMENTAL Points New! Environmental Elements of Refining Definitions Environmental Rules Course of Evaluation Epilog New! Refinery Wastes Process Wastes Kinds of Waste Waste Toxicity Refinery Outlook Management of Refinery Waste New!
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